These days everyone accuses the mainstream news outlets of bias. Fox News, once we know, is perceived to be the benchmark for conservative news broadcasting. Alternatively, MSNBC has evolved, particularly within the past few years, as the liberals’ direct reaction to Fox News. On the web, we discover the Drudge Report using one side and the Huffington Post on the other. And, of course, we can not forget the real or perceived biases associated with the remaining “liberal media”, including the New York Times, CNN, and whoever else. For this reason, it is vital for the those that follow the news to comprehend the subtle techniques by which media outlets try to bias their consumers. The following list identifies the most frequent techniques that try to bend the viewer and reader of news to confirmed point of view. They are as follows:
5) Perceived facts and actual facts
What are the facts of the story? The most non-biased stories only describe the reality, i.e., who, what, why, when, where, and how. To increase the story, a reporter can include eye witness account(s) or expert opinions. In many instances, however, news outlets will air a tale based on a couple of perceived facts. Remember, fact is concrete and do not change unless influenced by other facts. Commonly held opinions ‘re normally confused with facts, such as for example “MSNBC and Fox News are extremely biased news organizations.”
4) Sources and “experts”
Who is quoted in the story? Eye witness sources are the most credible. In most cases, however, in the lack of eye witness sources, the news outlet will turn to experts to greatly help elucidate the meaning of the reality within the story. You can identify whether an expert can be an expert? Or does the “expert” have an agenda? Perhaps the best examples of non-expert exerts are politicians. A tale on climate change, for example, may include “expert” testimony from the politician. If the politician did not come from a professional or academic background that studied climate science, however, chances are the news outlet is more interested in either supporting or discrediting given arguments within the broader debate over climate change.
3) Word choice
Word choice may be the most subtle and manipulative ways to bias the viewer. conservative news sites adhere to simple and clear language to communicate the reality within a story. Because there are lots of linguistic tricks reporters employ to implicitly communicate bias, such tricks could be difficult to identify inside a passive viewing environment, such as TV news. The very best example is the popular implication that a the greater part within a given demographic share the same opinion, for example: “the American people believe…” or “many people say…”
2) Omission of context
The most commonly cited defense for all those chastised by the media is “I was removed from context…” Indeed, given today’s reporting, they’re probably right. Snippets from speeches or other sources are easily strung together in a series of quotes that can either indict or exonerate a person or organization’s opinion.
1) Story selection
Watch the headlines, browse the stories. There are several news outlets that only air stories which cast doubt upon one political philosophy and/or prop up their own. It is fascinating to look at such sites and identify the techniques by which they elect to influence the reader and viewer. Are the headlines sensationalized? Do all them tend to point in one direction? Most of all, are the stories even newsworthy or are they wanting to manufacture controversy?